Since the beginning of time, advancement of technologies has been taking place to make this world a better and easier place to live for Humans. But, existence of Human species is in risk. Why? The answer is well known to every single of them. The reason is, Climate Change.
Change of climate attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of global environment is Climate Change. The major concern of every person either a politician or a farmer has been shifted to Climate Change, as it effects has been adversely affecting everyone here. According to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2017 has been declared as the second hottest year in the history of earth. And if the trend of increase in temperature keeps on going, it is certain that 2018 may break the record of being the hottest year in the history. Climate Change tends to bring serious impacts in communities, ecosystem and livelihood of people. Increase in temperature, drought, intense summer heat, untimely rainfall, floods and landslides are the major impacts of Climate Change. Nepal being a developing country is also in great risk of Climate Change though its contribution in CO2 emission is very less in comparison to other countries i.e. 0.2%. Mean annual temperature of the world is increasing and with this trend the estimated global warming from 1990 to 2100 is of 1.4-5.8°C, assuming a range of climate sensitivities. On one hand temperature has been rising annually whereas on the other hand precipitation rate has been decreasing significantly. This anonymous change in climate has frequently resulted extreme weather events and water-induced disasters to the intense harm in livelihood of human.
The tremendously increasing temperature has made the life on earth difficult. Climate extremes disasters such as flash floods, landslides, and drought are hitting every part of earth in a severe manner. Catastrophic disasters such as Glacier Lake Outburst Flood, is taking place counting in the glaciers lake in the endangered list. Economy and GDP of countries depending on agriculture have been questionable as Climate Change has negatively impacted the sector of agriculture. Diseases related to air and water has been killing millions of people every year. The world has continuously been trying to address these issues and to work to combat it. Different Conference of Parties (COP) meetings are organized to address these issues and review the progress of every party towards climate change. Various program of action has also been made in regards to Climate Change. Likewise to achieve the goal of combating Climate Change, on December 2015, the world agreed to keep warming significantly below 2.0° above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5° degrees in comparison to pre-industrial levels. Simply, we can understand that world agreed to put efforts on staying below 1.5 degrees. But still a big question arises here. Is it possible, if so HOW????
Achieving this goal is challenging but not impossible. The major cause of Climate Change are human so changing the habits and traditions of human which are in practice can be a helping hand in achieving the goal. Adopting natural solutions to every environment related problem can also induce in achieving the goal. Forests are great contributors in decreasing the impact of Green House Gases as they play the role in carbon sequestration and carbon storage. So, providing emphasis on implementing the concept of community forestry and scientific forestry will also help in staying below 1.5 degrees. Practicing sustainable agriculture, focusing on cultivating nitrogen-fixing plants, improved livestock management and practicing agroforestry concept are also some natural solutions. Today, the use of solar energy has flourished about 30%, in practice, but to reach the goal it must reach 100%. So, developing the technologies with the concept of use of renewable energy is a must and shifting the priority to 100% renewable energy and eco-friendly products is needed to stay below 1.5 degrees. The era we live is the era of social media. Almost 90% of world’s population is updated with various social media sites. So, revolutionary change towards mitigating climate change can also be brought through these social media. Providing awareness to public through various social media sites, initiating social media campaigns against Climate Change can also help us to reach the goal of staying below 1.5 degrees after all it’s our duty to save our planet.